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By James F. Eder

For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have confirmed homesteads and new methods of lifestyles on Palawan Island, a one-time wooded area barren region. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and filthy rich groups in line with in the community variable mixtures of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based in the course of the Nineteen Forties. in response to precise info on the degrees of neighborhood, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 easy subject matters: the advance of a post-frontier village economic system; family options for survival and prosperity; and person goals as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are hooked up into an built-in research of switch locally throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.

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Extra info for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

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In field cropping, the same period saw the appearance of second-cropping (following an initial crop of corn) with such labor-intensive and rapidly maturing crops as melons, peanuts, and mung beans. The common thread in all such developments has been voluntary farmer response to greater market opportunity, with land scarcity, once held to be a central factor in the intensification process (Boserup 1965), now playing a secondary role (see Brush and Turner 1987:33–34). The intensification of San Jose agriculture is the subject of Chapter 3.

Many of those students in turn go on to study at the government-supported Palawan State University, but some also attend one of the several private colleges in the city. Among the variety of government programs currently aimed at San Jose residents are two that nicely illustrate how global ecological and social concerns play out at the local level. One involves a cooperative effort by the City Agriculturalist Office and a national sustainable development NGO to promote biointensive, low-chemical-input farming in San Jose.

Local residents also know that the competition to survive and prosper in the emerging system is intense and that they do not enter this competition on an equal footing with those who come to Palawan better financed, educated, or connected than they. But there is also a replication, at the local level, of the self-interested manner in which elites behave in the wider system. Here, too, people believe that playing upon one’s political connections, legally or otherwise, to advance one’s economic position is inherent in the nature of the game and that everyone, not just the well-off, should be free to do so.

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