By M. Hassan Kakar
This political and diplomatic heritage of past due nineteenth-century Afghanistan and its significant ethnic teams lays naked how the floor used to be laid for the emergence of Afghanistan as a geographical region in addition to for the implementation of schemes of modernization.
It describes how Amir Sher ‘Ali Khan and, extra totally, Amir ‘Abd al-Rahman Khan for the 1st time consolidated the authority of the valuable govt on the cost of the conventional self sustaining neighborhood magnates, and hence controlled to arrange a centralized monarchical kingdom and expand its direct rule thoughout Afghanistan.
They did so within the days of what has develop into referred to as the nice video game for the mastery of critical Asian states. even if the good online game led to the relief of Afghanistan in measurement, it additionally ended in the transparent demarcation of its obstacles in line with foreign agreements.
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Additional resources for A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901
Mahmud Tarzi’s ﬁgures also tally with them when he states that “. . ” Reminiscences, 7. , (from Kabul), to Alfred C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, 22 Nov. 1879, Political and Secret Letters and Enclosures Received (in London) from India, (Henceforth PSLI), vol. 23, p. 1579. India Oﬃce Library, London. Eﬀendi, Royals and Royal Mendicant, 139. 22 Tarzi, Reminiscences, 7. 23 Eﬀendi, Royals and Royal Mendicant, 137. 23a However, the Mohammadzays and the aristocracy showed little interest in the military service.
However, he was no longer the enterprising man that he had been. ”7 Additionally, he had dynastic rivals, each of whom had a faction of his own. Weakened 4 Among the many books dealing with the Second Anglo-Afghan War those that describe it in detail are Kakar, M. , Jang-e-Dowom Afghan-Englis, (Persian) [The Second Anglo-Afghan War], The National Islamic Front of Afghanistan, Peshawar, 1989. , The Afghan Wars, London, 1892. Hanna, H. B. The Second Afghan War, 1878–79, 3 Vols. London, 1899–1910.
1866) as heir-apparent in a grand ceremony. By doing so, he provoked his eldest sons, and demonstrated that he was unable to run his family aﬀairs smoothly. Amir Sher 'Ali’s troubles have been traced to his unequal treatment of his wives, and the recalcitrance of Sardar Mohammad Ya"qub Khan. ” However, while the amir may have been a “misogynist” as Eﬀendi claims he was still open to the inﬂuence of the mother of heir-apparent. This may have been due to the fact that she was a woman of the dynasty, whereas Qamar Jan, the mother of Sardar Mohsammad Ya"qub and Sardar Mohammad Ayyub, was the daughter of Sa"adat Khan, the Khan of the frontier tribe of Mohmand.