By V.L. Ginzburg
In approximately technology, Myself and Others, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics and Editor of the assessment magazine Physics-Uspekhi, presents an perception into sleek physics, the lives and works of alternative admired physicists he has recognized, and perception into his personal lifestyles and perspectives on physics and past.
Divided into 3 components, the ebook begins with a overview of the main difficulties in modern physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, interpreting their historic improvement and why they pose this kind of problem to modern physicists and for society. half One additionally contains information of a few of Professor Ginzburg's paintings, together with superconductivity and superfluidity. half encompasses numerous articles at the lives and works of a number of admired physicists, together with the writer. The 3rd half is a set of articles that supply a private view of the writer, describing his own perspectives and memories on a number of wider subject matters.
Taken jointly, this choice of articles creates an stress-free overview of physics, its philosophy, and key gamers in its glossy improvement within the twentieth Century. certainly, it is going to be an stress-free learn for pro physicists and non-scientists alike.
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Additional info for About Science, Myself and Others
Thus, there arose one of the most important, and I would even say the most urgent questions of modern astronomy10 —what is the nature of dark matter, frequently referred to earlier as hidden mass? 9). Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. 34 Problems of physics and astrophysics (thirty years later) to assume that this is neutral hydrogen, a strongly ionized (and therefore weakly luminous) gas, planets, weakly luminous stars—brown dwarfs, neutron stars or, ﬁnally, black holes. All these assumptions have, however, been disproved by various types of observations.
The idea of the possibility of WIMPs concentrating into some friable quasi-stars which can, in principle, be detected by microlensing  is very elegant. For recent data on microlensing known to me, see . The origin of cosmic rays (CRs) ﬁrst discovered in 1912 has been enigmatic for many years. But now it is deﬁnite that their main sources are supernova stars. In respect of CRs with ECR < 1015 –1016 eV, generally some vague points remain but, on the whole, the picture is clear enough  (see article 3 in this volume).
Then, obviously, for r > r0 , we have GM0 (r0 ) . 14) v 2 (r) = r Observations testify to the fact that the dependence v(r), which represents the √ rotation curves, is substantially diﬀerent from the law v(r) = constant/ r in the range of values r > r0 , where there is already little luminous matter. Brieﬂy speaking, it has been established with conﬁdence that non-luminous matter exists in the Universe which manifests itself owing to its gravitational interaction. Dark matter is distributed not at all uniformly but it is present everywhere—both in galaxies and intergalactic space.