By World Bank
With nearly part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will ascertain the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major hazard of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the quarter. and lots of nations have already all started the struggle: classes were realized in a variety of contexts, together with reports from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. even if, with new equipment of investment, problems with ability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to take into consideration 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public healthiness surveillance and tracking and evaluate; prevention; care, help, and remedy; and overall healthiness prone supply.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies thoughts for the way the area financial institution, in shut partnership with executive, civil society and different companions, may also help within the reaction on the state and local degrees. It stresses the necessity for state particular thoughts to deal with the range of concerns in the area and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this zone to aid ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to ability development efforts.
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Additional resources for Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific
However, the effects extend beyond the health care system. A large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic also threatens development by slowing the growth of human capital—and ultimately economic growth. Within this larger context of deteriorating human capital is an increasingly vulnerable population of children affected by HIV/AIDS. 0 million (UNAIDS 2002). HIV/AIDS not only leaves children without families, it also strains education systems, weakening demand, eroding quality, widening the gender gap, and increasing sector costs (World Bank 2002).
Demand for antiretroviral therapy is growing. To maximize the effectiveness of drug treatment, it should be complemented by care and support and implemented using standardized evidence-based clinical protocols. Implementing these protocols requires strengthening health systems, including improving clinical training, laboratory infrastructure, logistical systems to deliver medicines, and sustainable systems for funding clinical services that are delivering antiretrovirals. The uptake of antiretroviral therapy varies considerably across the region.
This has been shown to be possible in many countries with concentrated HIV/AIDS epidemics among injecting drug users, such as Australia, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United Kingdom. They applied an inclusive policy, called harm reduction, that recognizes drug use as an addiction and uses active social outreach to bring injecting drug users into contact with HIV/AIDS preventive services and drug treatment. Instead of harm reduction policies, some governments have pursued policies aimed at eliminating drug use, but from a public health standpoint, eradicating Key Challenges • 33 HIV/AIDS from the drug-using population is probably easier than eliminating drug use.