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By Aeschines

This is often the 1st remark in any language on Aeschines' opposed to Timarchos, the prosecution speech within the politically an important trial of 346/5BC. The case used to be that Timarchos was once forbidden to carry public workplace and disenfranchised simply because he had engaged in wrong gay relationships some time past and had wasted his inheritance on debauchery. The speech is our most vital resource for Athenian criminal sanctions and ethical attitudes referring to same-sex relatives, and has been the point of interest of excessive contemporary debates at the nature of Greek sexualities and at the dating among intercourse, politics, and cultural lifestyles. It illuminates Athenian politics on the time while Athens confronted the problem to her independence from Philip of Macedon. it's a rhetorical masterpiece of misrepresentation, which persuaded the jury to convict Timarchos although Aeschines had almost no facts of his misdeeds. This e-book presents a brand new translation, an entire creation, and a statement, all obtainable to these with no wisdom of Greek. The creation explores the most problems with the case, together with Aeschines' profession, Athenian legislation and attitudes in terms of gay family, and the explanations for Aeschines' luck: it is recommended that the decision displays a similar ethical and cultural unease in Athens which used to be presently to supply the makes an attempt at political, social, and cultural renewal linked to the age of Lycurgus. The absolutely documented observation will pay awareness to the rhetorical technique of the speech, explores vital features of the language used, in particular relating to the ethical denunciation of Timarchos' sexual and different malpractices, and explains all references to ancient occasions and other people.

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Extra resources for Against Timarchos

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See Stefanis (1988: no. 90), cf. O. J. Todd (1938), Pickard-Cambridge (1968: 132–5); Ghiron-Bistagne (1976: 158–9, 307). 45 Demosthenes’ rhetorical point here is to set up the argument that Aeschines would have been familiar with Kreon’s speech in Sophocles’ Antigone, in order to use Kreon’s words against him: cf. Pickard-Cambridge (1968: 141, n. 2). 46 Dorjahn (1929/30: 225); further, Ischandros is otherwise known as an actor and politician, not a tragedian, and elsewhere it is Sophocles’ Oinomaos (Pickard-Cambridge (1968: 50, n.

And Williams (1999). g. Dover (1978: 153–68); Vlastos (1973: 1–42; 1987); A. W. Price (1989: chs 2 & 3). 117 In conclusion, one might say that that there were probably very few males indeed who would have said they were exclusively lovers of males, but there were those who consistently preferred sex with males (or certain types of younger males) to sex with women through much or all of their lives, some very passionately or with great commitment. There were those who were very keen on romantic attachments, and sex, with younger males at certain periods of their lives; and in general a relatively high level of actual homosexual sex probably occurred, much of it casual.

3, whose passions have led him into fights and a difficult lawsuit. 113 Cf. also the picture of Agathon as an effeminate, shaven, adult who still enjoyed anal penetration (euryproktos) in Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazusae, Dover (1978: 140–4). Phaidros’ examples of famous couples in his speech do not always fit the major pattern either; cf. on 141–4 on Achilles and Patroklos, and Hubbard (1998: 71). g. Wender (1973); Vlastos (1973: ch. 1). On whether it is in general appropriate to call, with due qualification, those with varying degrees of ‘preference’ for same-sex relationships ‘homosexuals’ or ‘gay men’, cf.

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