By Dror Zeevi
According to micro-level examine of the District of Jerusalem, this ebook addresses the most an important questions in regards to the Ottoman empire in a time of obstacle and disorientation: decline and decentralization, the increase of the awesome elite, the urban-rural-pastoral nexus, agrarian family members and the encroachment of eu economic climate. while it paints a bright photo of existence in an Ottoman province. via integrating court docket checklist, petitions, chronicles or even neighborhood poetry, the ebook recreates a ancient international that, although lengthy vanished, has left an indelible imprint at the urban of Jerusalem and its atmosphere.
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Additional resources for An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History)
District governors, qadis, sipahis and Page 39 janissaries were sent by the government to rule its new possessions. The new administrative units in Palestine, however, retained some earlier Mamluk traits. In several districts a familiar administrative system, reminiscent of the Mamluk household, emerged at a relatively early stage. Several governing families appointed by the Ottomans managed to secure their rule in the area and transfer power within the family for more than a century. This system of hereditary rule in the sanjaq, was to influence other regions of the empire in the next century.
They frequented the qadi's court, and did not hesitate to file complaints against members of their own community, or even against Muslims. They were members of guilds, and sometimes even elected to head them. Finally, during the revolt, there are indications that Christians sided with the rebels and helped them fight the governor's forces. On the third question—the existence of municipal administration—the evidence is unequivocal. Seventeenthcentury Jerusalem is characterized by an impressive array of municipal services, orchestrated by the qadi and his aides.
These supervisors and comptrollers determined the city's economy to a large extent. The sheer numbers of ledgers, letters and firmans concerning the waqf in the sijill and in Istanbul's archives attest to its importance in the eyes of the Ottoman authorities. Although the institution Page 28 seems to have declined at the end of the seventeenth century, a Damascene visitor to Jerusalem at the end of the century describes it as a thriving and dynamic institution: Then we passed by the Khasiki Takiya, 61 famous in and around Jerusalem.