By Bezalel Porten
Xxi + 421 pp. with 15 figs. & 14 plates, eightvo.
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Extra resources for Archives from Elephantine: Life of an Ancient Jewish Military Colony
B. Kraeling, Aram and Israel (New York, 191 8 ) , 1 34f; M. F. Unger, Israel and the Arameans of Da mascus (London, 1957 ) , 104f; W. F. Albright, "Hamath," Encyclopaedia Biblica (Hebrew; Jerusalem, 1 9 5 8 ) , III, 1 99. 65 See H. Tadmor, JCS 12 ( 19 5 8 ) , 34f; Y. Muffs, Studies in Aramaic Legal Papyri from Elephantine ( Studia et Documenta ad Iura Orientis Antiqui Perti nentia, VIII; Leiden, 1968 ) , 1 89f. I am grateful to Professor Muffs for sending me proofs of his book. 66 See E. Bresciani and M.
Mitchell, "Cyrene and Persia," THS 86 ( 1966 ) , 107. 95 The Stairways of the Apadana at Persepolis completed by Xerxes depict three Kushites bearing a covered vessel, perhaps containing gold dust, and an elephant tusk and leading an okapi, E. F. Schmidt, Persepolis I (Chicago, 1953 ) , 90, PI. 49; idem, Persepolis II (Chicago, 1957 ) , 95. 96 Cf. the restoration of J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt (Chicago, 1 906) , IV, par. 1 47, lines 3-4, and the later study by F. Ll. Griffith, "The Abydos Decree of Seti I at Nauri," TEA 1 3 ( 1 92 7 ) , 207f; also H.
65 See H. Tadmor, JCS 12 ( 19 5 8 ) , 34f; Y. Muffs, Studies in Aramaic Legal Papyri from Elephantine ( Studia et Documenta ad Iura Orientis Antiqui Perti nentia, VIII; Leiden, 1968 ) , 1 89f. I am grateful to Professor Muffs for sending me proofs of his book. 66 See E. Bresciani and M. Kamil, "Le Lettere Aramaiche di Hermopoli," Atti Della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze Morali, Memorie, SeI. VIII, 1 2 ( 1 966 ) , 367. For discussion of these letters d. below, Chapter VIII. Not a few of the scholars who treated the papyri when they first appeared put forth, in varying forms, the view that the Elephantine colonists, in whole or in part, derived from Arameans or Samaritans.