Download Assessment in Science: Practical Experiences And Education by Editors: Maureen McMahon, Patricia Simmons, Randy Sommers PDF

By Editors: Maureen McMahon, Patricia Simmons, Randy Sommers

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Extra resources for Assessment in Science: Practical Experiences And Education Research

Sample text

Teachers pose questions and seek answers about student learning in the form of student performance on tests, in class activities, and in class discussions. These all serve as data with which teachers can make informed instructional decisions. In too many cases, teachers pose questions and collect data, but do not use that data to inform instructional or curricular decision making. This failure to “close the loop” can prevent teachers and students from profiting from assessment. The most well-constructed test items are of little value if they do not give information to teachers that they can use to inform instruction.

These all serve as data with which teachers can make informed instructional decisions. In too many cases, teachers pose questions and collect data, but do not use that data to inform instructional or curricular decision making. This failure to “close the loop” can prevent teachers and students from profiting from assessment. The most well-constructed test items are of little value if they do not give information to teachers that they can use to inform instruction. W DEVELOPING TEST ITEMS There are many different ways teachers can evaluate student knowledge.

The difficulty in writing true/false items beyond the categorical knowledge level is to write items that are free from ambiguity (see Figure 4 for evaluation suggestions). Limited diagnostic information can be gathered from incorrect responses by students. Typically, students who mark an item as false do not demonstrate that they know the answer, only that they recognize the statement as wrong. Scores are influenced by guessing more than with any other item type. Teachers can still learn a great deal from true/false items, however, because they can ask many questions in a given amount of time.

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