By Pelin Ayan Musil (auth.)
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Extra resources for Authoritarian Party Structures and Democratic Political Setting in Turkey
The social group, characterizing the ideology of the party may be effective on the organizational structure as well. Third, the relationship between ideology and organization may be the result of historical path dependency. Members of the same ideological family may resemble each other organizationally because of the structural conditions that affect their formation. The most prominent example for the relationship between ideology and organizational structure is found in Duverger’s famous “contagion from the left” thesis.
In addition to the effect of being in government or in opposition on party structures, electoral defeats or victories are also considered as some effective exogenous events, which can affect the power structure in parties. An electoral defeat or a victory can simply erode or promote the “legitimacy” of the party elite’s authority due to having failed or succeeded to realize the common goals of the organization. In fact electoral defeats have a major impact on democratizing party structures. 81 This study acknowledges the role that these exogenous factors play over the power structures.
In this respect, this study is an effort to understand this often neglected opposite direction of change within the power structures of party organizations. Explanations in Developing Democracies The literature on the power structure of party organizations in newly democratizing states underlines the different experience of intraparty authoritarianism compared to liberal democracies: contrary to the parties in Western Europe, in developing democracies, intraparty authoritarianism emerges at the time of party formation rather than party change.