By François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans
For the 1st time, a synthesis at the examine paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In dwelling bushes (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate manufactured from a four-year examine undertaking collecting jointly a hundred scientists from 24 international locations, the publication is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It studies and reviews on all of the eu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and woodland administration facets. even if, even supposing all in favour of the ecu wooded area, it additionally compares the to be had info and interpretations to these bearing on related species in different continents. It ends with propositions of analysis priorities for Europe. The booklet is directed to all scientists and scholars keen on woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to woodland managers and all clinical public drawn to woodland biology.
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Additional resources for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, A Synthesis
BEAVER dollars. Such losses occur in both temperate and tropical zones, especially where there are monocultures and plantations, which can provide suitable conditions for rapid population increase, for example following extensive windfalls. As a result, the beetles have been of particular interest to foresters for hundreds of years, and much of the work on them has been done by forest entomologists. 2. 1. Historical overview The first five species of Scolytidae to be described were named by Linnaeus (1758), and placed in his genus Dermestes.
Other keywords: Abiotic factor, Insect fungus relationship, Natural enemy, Non target organism. -C. F. D. Roosevelt, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium; 2 Forest Research, Alice Holt Lodge, Wrecclesham Farnham, Surrey GU10 4LH, United Kingdom 1. INTRODUCTION The BAWBILT database on damage and control (Gilbert and Sauvard, chapter 3) was queried in January 2003. It then contained 478 entries, on 95 species of the BAWBILT list, with entries from 19 countries. In each entry, a series of fields concerned the total areas potentially affected, the types of damage (death of trees, caused by the insects themselves or by pathogenic fungi, timber degrade, impact on growth, on erosion, on avalanches,…), quantitative assessments of damage (periods, areas, volumes of timber, numbers of trees, financial losses), and scoring (+ to +++) for aggressivity and for territorial coverage.
The accurate determination of the species involved is the basis for decision-making. Without this knowledge, actions taken could well be ineffective or erroneous. This is true for the bark beetles, which, as indicated earlier, have a variety of habits. Management and control strategies must be related to the habits of the particular species involved. In Europe, the bark beetle fauna is well known, and there are both regional and more local keys available which will allow an accurate identification of nearly all species if used with care.