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By Mustafa Bilgin

'Britain and Turkey within the center East' is the 1st booklet to appreciate the improvement of the chilly battle within the center East by means of exploring the Turkish case and is important to greedy the character of Western approach ordinarily and British and Turkish procedure specifically in this interval.   within the first paintings documenting Anglo-Turkish relatives within the center East within the early chilly struggle interval, Mustafa Bilgin identifies very detailed levels within the dating among Britain and Turkey. earlier than 1952 Turkey relied seriously on Britain to guard it from the 'Soviet menace'. In go back for Britain's help, Turkey acted as a decent dealer in Britain's more and more tricky family members with key heart japanese states similar to Egypt, Iran and Iraq. in spite of the fact that, Turkey's realisation that it will probably now not depend upon Britain, inspired by way of Britain's blockading of Turkish club of NATO in 1952, resulted in a brand new alliance among Turkey and the USA.

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Additional resources for Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era

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51 He landed at Samsun on 19 May 1919 to organise nationalist forces for this purpose. He convened two Nationalist Congresses, first at Erzurum and then at Sivas in 1919. The latter was critical for the Nationalist Movement. It demanded the unity of Turkish territory, protested against an independent Armenian State, denounced Greek designs on Anatolia, and resolved to fight for Turkish integrity. During this time, the British government under David Lloyd George and his Foreign Minister, Lord Curzon, shared the former Prime Minister Gladstone’s policy of hostility to the Turks and planned to defend British interests in the Near East and the Mediterranean through Anglo-Greek collaboration.

2 At the start of the Cold War, the Soviet Union, after dominating much of the Balkans and Eastern Europe, directed its threat to Turkey by demanding certain territories and bases in the Straits. 3 London therefore decided to render its full political and diplomatic support to Ankara. However, Britain simultaneously realised that it was unable to face the Russian danger alone, and appealed to the USA for assistance in stopping a possible Russian advance into Turkey, as the latter was the last bulwark against the communist expansion.

115 In response, London pointed out the danger posed by the Axis which could soon set off attacks on Greece, Romania and Poland. In any of these cases Britain and France were ready to give their assistance to Turkey on a reciprocal basis. Britain also sought Turkish agreement to join the Anglo-French guarantee of Romania. 116 It still refused to join the guarantees of Greece and Romania fearing that this act might provoke an Axis intervention against the Turkish Straits as soon as war broke out.

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