By Raffaele D'Amato
After the recapture of Constantinople, Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos was resolute to deliver glory again to the Byzantine Empire. to accomplish this, he confirmed an Imperial Fleet and raised new regiments of elite marine troops. This paintings offers a accomplished, illustrated consultant to the unit heritage and visual appeal of those males, who have been on the leading edge of the final nice flourish of Byzantine naval energy. They received victory after victory in campaigns during the 1260s-70s, and even though successive sessions of decline and partial resurrection undefined, those marine devices survived till the final glints of Byzantine resistance have been extinguished. Drawing upon early literary resources, the wealthy facts of interval illuminated manuscripts, frescoes and different iconography, Raffaele DAmato information the lasting legacy of the swansong of Byzantine naval strength.
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Extra info for Byzantine Naval Forces 1261-1461: The Roman Empire’s Last Marines
6 inches). 04in), and the helmet is made in ten parts. Four concave segments, placed vertically and fastened with small rivets, are united at the bottom by a riveted horizontal band, in which there are still small holes to attach a chinstrap and a soft inner lining. The apex was closed by a small cap or ‘lid’, and fragments of ringmail found with the helmet show the presence of a mail aventail, as illustrated in the Geraki frescoes. Local shapes of helmets linked to the Mediterranean tradition were widely used both by the Eastern Romans and the Venetians.
The Roman mail hauberk of the period might be either short- or long-sleeved, with either attached or separate mittens. Some hauberks extended only slightly below the waist while others fell almost to the knee, and they were not always covered with fabric garments. The Eastern tradition of the scale and lamellar armour, still called klibanon in the sources of the period, was strong and widely diffused; many different examples show longer or shorter designs, with scales overlapping either downwards or upwards, and sometimes gilded.
E. Henriot, A. Kopcke & F. , & J. , Armies of the Middle Ages, Vol. P. , & G. , Medieval Warfare Source Book, Vol. , ‘La population de la Morée Byzantine’, in L’Hellénisme contemporaire (III, 1949) 01/06/2016 14:12 PLATE COMMENTARIES was ‘confronting a wall, not [fighting] a sea battle’. In this period Venetian military costume still showed some strong Byzantine influence alongside Norman styles. e. a full mail hauberk usually complete with coif and mittens (cheroptia), as worn here by the Venetian officer (4) with added greaves and leather forearm protection.