Download Carbon nanomaterials sourcebook. Volume II, Nanoparticles, by Klaus D. Sattler PDF

By Klaus D. Sattler

The Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook includes large, interdisciplinary assurance of carbon nanomaterials, encompassing the complete scope of the field—from physics, chemistry, and fabrics technology to molecular biology, engineering, and medicine—in entire volumes.

Written in an educational variety, this moment quantity of the sourcebook:

  • Focuses on nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanofibers, nanoporous constructions, and nanocomposites
  • Describes the basic homes, progress mechanisms, and processing of every nanomaterial discussed
  • Explores functionalization for digital, strength, biomedical, and environmental applications
  • Showcases fabrics with extraordinary houses, synthesis tools, large-scale creation suggestions, and alertness prospects
  • Provides the instruments valuable for knowing present and destiny know-how advancements, together with very important equations, tables, and graphs

Each bankruptcy is devoted to another kind of carbon nanomaterial and addresses 3 major parts: formation, homes, and functions. This setup makes it possible for speedy and simple seek, making the Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook: Nanoparticles, Nanocapsules, Nanofibers, Nanoporous constructions, and Nanocomposites a must have reference for scientists and engineers.

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Extra resources for Carbon nanomaterials sourcebook. Volume II, Nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanofibers, nanoporous structures, and nanocomposites

Example text

Eng. 12 (2004b): S319–S332. 46 Abstract Among all allotropic forms that the carbon element presents in nature, sp-hybridization is one of the most intriguing and elusive. With respect to sp3 (diamond) and sp2 (graphite, nanotubes, graphene), sp-hybridization has been less investigated, and only in the last decade has the scientific community been attracted by what the potential applications of sp-carbon-based materials can accomplish. The sp-carbon gives rise to atomic 1D wires, whose properties can be tuned and customized by varying the length, the structure, and the functional groups.

This method is economic and fast; however, it does not allow to specifically control the size of the carbon chain, and further purification and separation techniques are required, whenever possible, to obtain separated carbynes. Chemical methods, although less accessible, allow to selectively control the length of carbon chains and to obtain stable samples in solution or solid phase with homogeneous length distribution (Lagow 1995). Thanks to this unique characteristic, the chemical–physical properties of polyynes or cumulenes can be selectively investigated as a function of the chain length (Eisler 2005).

3 Thermal Transport Finally, we consider thermal transport in carbyne. Due to the aligned and linear nature of the carbon bonds, thermal/kinetic vibrations are primarily along a common axis, which suggests efficient thermal transfer between adjacent atoms. Heat removal has become a crucial issue for continuing progress in the electronic industry, and thermal conduction in low-dimensional structures is promising (Balandin 2011). In particular, the room-temperature thermal conductivity of carbon allotropes and their derivatives span an extraordinary large range—of over five orders of magnitude—from the lowest in amorphous carbons to the highest in graphene and CNTs (Balandin 2011), and suggest carbyne may be exceptional due to its limited dimensionality and relative atomistic stiffness.

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