By Edward A. Allworth
Now in its 3rd variation (it was once first released in 1967 and revised in 1989), this re-creation of Central Asia has been up to date to incorporate a brand new preface, a revised and up-to-date bibliography, and a last bankruptcy that brings the ebook as much as 1994 in contemplating the the most important difficulties that stem from a deprivation of sovereign, indigenous management during the last one hundred thirty years. This quantity offers a huge and crucial historical past for realizing what has led as much as the past due twentieth-century configuration of significant Asia.
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Extra info for Central Asia: One Hundred Thirty Years of Russian Dominance, A Historical Overview
86-87 . "Chelobitnaia bukharskogo i khivinskogo gontsa Sheikh-Baby ts. Mikhailu Fedorovichu 0 razreshenii emu kupit' neskol'ko chelovek iasyria dlia khivinskikh sultanov," Materialy po istorii uzbekskoi, tadzhikskoi i turkmenskoi SSR, part 1, p. 196. 75 Blum, pp. 271-73. 7. Materialy po istorii uzbekskoi, tadzhikskoi i turkmenskoi SSR, part 1, pp. 380-85. 32 Encounter of Swedish prisoners to the Turks. 77 This suggests that a Bukharan ambassador's 1717 request for "nine Swedish girls" for his khan may not have gone unanswered.
61 For the Central Asians, however, the share of their business exclusively with Russia has been judged to be much more substantial. Khiva, for example, not depending upon Russian markets,62 traded with Bukhara, Khokand, Persia, and Afghanistan, but the khanate's commerce with Russia in the 1800s was called the easiest and most profitable of all. 63 Khivan perseverance in dealing with Russia would seem to substantiate the view that Russian commerce was vital to it. 9 E. V. Bunakov, "K istorii snoshenii Rossii s sredneaziatskimi khanstvami," Sovetskoe Vostokovedenie, II (1941), 8-9.
Slaughtered 190 persons . . In 1831 . . 500 men under . . Lt. Col. Aleksei Maksimovich . . slaughtered 450 p~rsons and kidnapped a child of Sarjan [Qasim-uli]. . In 1832 . . 250 men under . . Petr Nikolaevich Kulakov . . killed 60 persons. . In 1836 . . 400 men under . . Major Tin'tiak . . slaughtered 250 persons. . In 1837 . . 400 men under . . Ivan Semenovich Karpachev sacked the Alikins, Kalkaman-uli's, Turtul-uli's, and slaughtered 350 persons. 24 In addition to these depredations, Kensari Qasim-uli reported that in 1838 four more such punitive raids led by Russian or Kazakh czarist officers heading 1,600 troops in various detachments pil24 Sbornik materia lou .