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By S. Wojciech Sokolowski

Concentrating on service-providing enterprises tested via health and wellbeing and human provider execs in post-Communist Poland, this publication provides a brand new measurement to the sociological research of voluntary agencies. the writer investigates the factors and pursuits of the folks who identify those companies and the connections between organizational types, the social companies of creation, and the occupational pursuits provider prone.

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Additional resources for Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe - Social Change and Organizational Innovation in Poland (Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies, An International Multidisciplinary Series)

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A typical scenario under which such imputation takes place is the assumption of rationality in human actors. Since human actors are rational, we are told, they are capable of anticipating future benefits and perils (which the researcher typically knows ex post facto) and act accordingly to achieve the maximum future benefits while minimizing future losses. The end result of such casuistry is the teleological fallacy that explains social facts by its future consequences. Following this discussion, we can distinguish two types of causal models in social sciences: teleological and positive.

Chapter 6 introduces a model of selective processing of information that takes into account social relations that affect rational decisionmaking. It holds that rational decisions are affected by a priori expectations rooted in social conventions and stereotypes that lead to the selective consideration of various interests that seem relevant in a given situation. As a result, these a priori expectations affect the perceived values of different alternatives, making them appear more or less attractive.

Similar concerns were voiced by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu (1988), who chastized the academic professions for creating classification systems that stealthily mix ideology with analysis, and normative intents with empirical 16 CHAPTER 1 facts. For that reason, I became quite reluctant to use either “nonprofit” or “nongovernmental” in this book, even though these terms are commonly used in the literature. Yet, there are few alternatives available, and neither of them seems to be desirable.

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