By Dina Tsagari, Ildikó Csépes
The tips for sturdy perform of the ecu organization for Language trying out and overview (EALTA) tension the significance of collaboration among all events thinking about the method of constructing tools, actions and programmes for trying out and evaluate. Collaboration is taken into account to be as vital as validity and reliability, supplying a very important prerequisite for accountability and admire for college students. The papers, overlaying a number of issues that think about either realities and customers of collaboration, have been initially awarded at EALTA meetings from 2008 to 2010.
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Additional resources for Collaboration in Language Testing and Assessment
48 Despite its phenomenal success, the CEFR and particularly its scales and descriptors have been criticised. For the creation of the descriptor pool, for example, existing scales were used (North, 2000) whose origin is diverse. Harsch (2006) maintains that most of the original scales were rating scales which do not always represent scales of proficiency. The underlying construct of the original scales has not been considered, the consequence of which is a validation problem. Descriptors claim to be independent (Council of Europe, 2001), yet they ought to be coherent and consistent in their formulation within one reference level and across levels.
As already stated, this study is not designed as the primary source of evidence for setting cut-offs. As such, we will not distinguish between the two cut-offs. Both will be considered when reviewing and discussing these results with the original research purpose in mind: validating the standard setting results obtained from the main study in Japan. Table 10. Decision tables for classification decisions at 2 cut-off points Cut-off=28 Cut-off=30 Cannot judge Below B2 B2 Cannot judge Below B2 B2 Below cut-off 1 31 3 4 38 16 Cut-off or higher 9 28 98 6 21 85 Total 10 59 101 10 59 101 Misclassification 19% 23% 41 7.
Given that the cut-off scores derived have fallen within or on the borderline of our definition of acceptable difference, we might say that the conceptualization of the CEFR operationalized by these two groups was not that far apart, and certainly closer than perhaps expected by some who have criticized the use of the CEFR outside its European home. Finally, what can this study demonstrate about the practical issues of conducting collaboration across contexts? In the context of validating primary standard setting studies, we would suggest that this study demonstrates that it is not necessary to replicate all aspects of the original process in order to obtain rich and insightful data.