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By Marc Galanter

Can a democratic society pursue a coverage of compensatory discrimination with out leaving behind equality or sliding right into a process of staff quotas? For over thirty years, India has been engaged in a tremendous attempt to combine "untouchables" and different oppressed peoples into the mainstream of Indian existence. This e-book is the 1st finished learn of the Indian event with regulations of systematic preferential remedy. Galanter incorporates a dialogue of the relation of the courts to public coverage in his research of the alternatives and tensions within the Indian regulations of compensatory choice.

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Extra resources for Competing equalities

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Their individual struggles illuminate the problems inherent in these approaches; the wrestling between them cast the mold of policy about untouchability for independent India.  The problem is one for voluntary private action, not for legal coercion.  Untouchability should be removed by abolishing the unwarranted fifth division and restoring the untouchables to their rightful estate as Sudras in a purified varna expressing not inequality but a horizontal and non­invidious division based on hereditary qualities.

Berreman 1963: 253­54.  The British eschewed such prescriptive assignments; but attempts to obtain governmental confirmation of status were channelled into the nominally descriptive arenas of the courts and the census ( Hutton 1961: 97; Srinivas 1966: 16; O'Malley 1932: 63).  Nothing like jatis are described in the most ancient classical literature.  Silverberg 1967. ­12­ graded inequality of corporate groups in which differential access to life chances corresponded in large measure to membership in different communities.

Heimsath 1964; 53­54.  Not only did amelioration of the lowest castes become one of the most prominent items of reform, but it was accompanied by a shift in attitude toward the caste system.  This kind of piecemeal approach came to seem less inevitable as the image of Indian society changed.  A National Congress must confine itself to questions in which the entire nation has a direct participation, and it must leave the adjustment of social reforms and other class questions to class Congresses.

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